Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11147/5996
Title: POPs in a major conurbation in Turkey: ambient air concentrations, seasonal variation, inhalation and dermal exposure, and associated carcinogenic risks
Authors: Ugranlı, Tuğba
Güngörmüş, Elif
Kavcar, Pınar
Demircioğlu, Eylem
Odabaşı, Mustafa
Sofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
Lammel, Gerhard
Sofuoglu, Aysun
Ugranlı, Tuğba
Güngörmüş, Elif
Kavcar, Pınar
Sofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
Sofuoglu, Aysun
Izmir Institute of Technology. Chemical Engineering
Keywords: OCPs
PAHs
PCBs
Carcinogenic risk
Exposure
Persistent organic pollutants
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2016
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Source: Ugranlı, T., Güngörmüş, E., Kavcar, P., Demircioğlu, E., Odabaşı, M., Sofuoğlu, S. C., Lammel, G., and Sofuoǧlu, A. (2016). POPs in a major conurbation in Turkey: ambient air concentrations, seasonal variation, inhalation and dermal exposure, and associated carcinogenic risks. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23(22), 22500-22512. doi:10.1007/s11356-016-7350-5
Abstract: Semi-volatile organic compounds were monitored over a whole year, by collection of gas and particle phases every sixth day at a suburban site in Izmir, Turkey. Annual mean concentrations of 32 polychlorinated biphenyls (∑32PCBs) and 14 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (∑14PAHs) were 348 pg/m3 and 36 ng/m3, respectively, while it was 273 pg/m3 for endosulfan, the dominant compound among 23 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). Monte Carlo simulation was applied to the USEPA exposure-risk models for the estimation of the population exposure and carcinogenic risk probability distributions for heating and non-heating periods. The estimated population risks associated with dermal contact and inhalation routes to ∑32PCBs, ∑14PAHs, and some of the targeted OCPs (α-hexachlorocyclohexane (α-HCH), β-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH), heptachlor, heptachlor epoxide, α-chlordane (α-CHL), γ-chlordane (γ-CHL), and p,p′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (p,p′-DDT)) were in the ranges of 1.86 × 10−16–7.29 × 10−9 and 1.38 × 10−10–4.07 × 10−6, respectively. The inhalation 95th percentile risks for ∑32PCBs, ∑14PAHs, and OCPs were about 6, 3, and 4–7 orders of magnitude higher than those of dermal route, respectively. The 95th percentile inhalation risk for ∑32PCBs and OCPs in the non-heating period were 1.8- and 1.2–4.6 folds higher than in the heating period, respectively. In contrast, the 95th percentile risk levels for ∑14PAHs in the heating period were 4.3 times greater than that of non-heating period for inhalation, respectively. While risk levels associated with exposure to PCBs and OCPs did not exceed the acceptable level of 1 × 10−6, it was exceeded for 47 % of the population associated with inhalation of PAHs with a maximum value of about 4 × 10−6.
URI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7350-5
http://hdl.handle.net/11147/5996
ISSN: 0944-1344
0944-1344
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
Sürdürülebilir Yeşil Kampüs Koleksiyonu / Sustainable Green Campus Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
5996.pdfMakale1.2 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open
Show full item record

CORE Recommender

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

11
checked on Jul 31, 2021

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

11
checked on Jul 31, 2021

Page view(s)

14
checked on Aug 3, 2021

Download(s)

18
checked on Aug 3, 2021

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in GCRIS Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.