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Title: The use of olive tree (Olea europaea L.) leaves as a bioindicator for environmental pollution in the Province of Aydın, Turkey
Authors: Turan, Dilek
Kocahakimoglu, Cemre
Kavcar, Pınar
Gaygısız, Handan
Atatanır, Levent
Turgut, Cafer
Sofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
Turan, Dilek
Kocahakimoglu, Cemre
Kavcar, Pınar
Gaygısız, Handan
Sofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
Izmir Institute of Technology. Chemical Engineering
Keywords: Biomonitoring
Elemental concentrations
Olive leaves
Source apportionment
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Source: Turan, D., Kocahakimoǧlu, C., Kavcar, P., Gaygısız, H., Atatanır, L., Turgut, C., Sofuoğlu, S. C., (2011). The use of olive tree (Olea europaea L.) leaves as a bioindicator for environmental pollution in the Province of Aydın, Turkey. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 18(3), 355-364. doi:10.1007/s11356-010-0378-z
Abstract: Introduction: In this study, olive tree leaves, collected from 50 sampling sites throughout the Province of Aydi{dotless}n, Turkey, were used to estimate level of pollution by measuring Al, As, B, Ba, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Sr, and Zn concentrations and calculating pollution factor (PF) values. Materials and methods: After sample preparation, collected leaves were microwave digested, and extracts were analyzed by an inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer. Results and discussion: The maximum PF values were ≥10 for a number of elements ranging from 11-13 (Al, As, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni) to >100 for Cu, Li, and Na. Urban-rural and roadside-nonroadside concentration comparisons showed that some of the elements (As, Cu, and Pb) were at significantly higher levels on urban and/or roadside sampling sites. Summary and conclusion: Correlations and factor analysis showed that there may be common sources for some elements, which included several soil types and anthropogenic activities. Based on the results of the statistical source apportionment, possible sources were narrowed down with help of the constructed elemental concentration maps. In conclusion, utilization of olive tree leaves for biomonitoring and assessment of environmental pollution was shown to be possible in the Mediterranean region where they are indigenous and cultivated.
ISSN: 0944-1344
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
Sürdürülebilir Yeşil Kampüs Koleksiyonu / Sustainable Green Campus Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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