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Title: Exposure to fumes of a vegetable margarine for frying: Respiratory effects in an experimental model
Authors: Cimrin, Arif H.
Alpaydin, Aylin Ozgen
Ozbal, Seda
Toprak, Melis
Yılmaz, Osman
Uluorman, Funda
Ergur, Bekir Uğur
Gürel, Duygu
Sofuoğlu, Sait Cemil
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi
01. Izmir Institute of Technology
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi
Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi
01. Izmir Institute of Technology
Keywords: Aldehydes
Particulate matter
Plant derived food
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: Deep frying is one of the strongest emission sources into indoor air. A vegetable margarine has recently been used in commercial kitchens. This study investigated the respiratory effects of exposure to its fumes in an experimental model. A setup with glass chambers was constructed. A chamber housed a fryer. The fumes were transported to the other chamber where 24 Wistar albino rats were placed in four randomized groups: acute, subacute, chronic, and control for the exposure durations. PM10 concentration in the exposure chamber was monitored to ensure occupational levels were obtained. Sacrification was performed 24 h after exposure. Lung, trachea, and nasal concha specimens were evaluated by two blinded histologists under a light microscope with hematoxylin–eosin. Mild mononuclear cell infiltration, alveolar capillary membrane thickening, alveolar edema, and diffuse alveolar damage, along with diffuse hemorrhage, edema, and vascular congestion in the interstitium were observed in the acute and subacute groups, and were overexpressed in the chronic group, whereas normal lung histology was observed in the control group. The results indicate that exposure to fumes of vegetable margarine for frying in commercial kitchens may cause pulmonary inflammation that becomes severe as the duration of the exposure increases.
Appears in Collections:Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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