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Title: Structural and functional analyses of GH51 alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase of Geobacillus vulcani GS90 reveal crucial residues for catalytic activity and thermostability
Authors: Sürmeli, Yusuf
Şanlı Mohamed, Gülşah
Keywords: Directed evolution
Error-prone PCR (epPCR)
Geobacillus vulcani
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase (Abf) is of big interest in various industrial areas. Directed evolution is a powerful strategy to identify significant residues underlying Abf properties. Here, six active variants from GH51 Abf of Geobacillus vulcani GS90 (GvAbf) by directed evolution were overproduced, extracted, and analyzed at biochemical and structural levels. According to the activity and thermostability results, the most-active and the least-active variants were found as GvAbf51 and GvAbf52, respectively. GvAbf63 variant was more active than parent GvAbf by 20% and less active than GvAbf51. Also, the highest thermostability belonged to GvAbf52 with 80% residual activity after 1 h. Comparative sequence and structure analyses revealed that GvAbf51 possessed L307S displacement. Thus, this study suggested that L307 residue may be critical for GvAbf activity. GvAbf63 had H30D, Q90H, and L307S displacements, and H30 was covalently bound to E29 catalytic residue. Thus, H30D may decrease the positive effect of L307S on GvAbf63 activity, preventing E29 action. Besides, GvAbf52 possessed S215N, L307S, H473P, and G476C substitutions and S215 was close to E175 (acid–base residue). S215N may partially disrupt E175 action. Overall effect of all substitutions in GvAbf52 may result in the formation of the C–C bond between C171 and C213 by becoming closer to each other.
Appears in Collections:Bioengineering / Biyomühendislik
Chemistry / Kimya
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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