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The roles of epigenetic modifications of proapoptotic BID and BIM genes in imatinibresistant chronic myeloid leukemia cells
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In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), epigenetic modifications such as promoter hypermethylation and inactive histone modification are known mechanisms of drug resistance. In our study, we investigated the roles of promoter hypermethylation of BIM and BID genes and H3K27me3 histone modification on imatinib resistance. We detected higher expression levels of BIM and BID genes and lower expression levels of EZH2, EED2, SIRT1, and SUZ12 genes in imatinib-resistant K562/IMA-3 cells compared to imatinib-non-resistant K562 cells. While we determined the EZH2 and DNMT enzymes as bounded to the promoter of the BIM gene, we did not detect hypermethylation of this promoter. We also found the H3K27me3 histone modification promoter of BIM and BID genes in both cell lines. In conclusion, our results support the notion that DNA promoter methylation may be formed independently from EZH2-H3K27me3 and pro-apoptotic BIM and BID genes are not methyllated in the imatinib resistance of CML cells.