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Title: De-sealing reverses habitat decay more than increasing groundcover vegetation
Authors: Couch, Virginia
Salata, Stefano
Saygın, Nicel
Frary, Anne
Arslan, Bertan
Keywords: Sustainability
Predictive modeling
Nature-based solutions
GIS-based ecological analysis
Habitat quality
Habitat decay
Anthropogenic footprint
Green infrastructure
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Modeling ecosystem services is a growing trend in scientific research, and Nature-based Solutions (NbSs) are increasingly used by land-use planners and environmental designers to achieve improved adaptation to climate change and mitigation of the negative effects of climate change. Predictions of ecological benefits of NbSs are needed early in design to support decision making. In this study, we used ecological analysis to predict the benefits of two NbSs applied to a university masterplan and adjusted our preliminary design strategy according to the first modeling results. Our Area of Interest was the IZTECH campus, which is located in a rural area of the eastern Mediterranean region (Izmir/Turkey). A primary design goal was to improve habitat quality by revitalizing soil. Customized analysis of the Baseline Condition and two NbSs scenarios was achieved by using local values obtained from a high-resolution photogrammetric scan of the catchment to produce flow accumulation and habitat quality indexes. Results indicate that anthropogenic features are the primary cause of habitat decay and that decreasing imperviousness reduces habitat decay significantly more than adding vegetation. This study creates a method of supporting sustainability goals by quickly testing alternative NbSs. The main innovation is demonstrating that early approximation of the ecological benefits of NbSs can inform preliminary design strategy. The proposed model may be calibrated to address specific environmental challenges of a given location and test other forms of NbSs.
ISSN: 2225-1154
Appears in Collections:Architecture / Mimarlık
City and Regional Planning / Şehir ve Bölge Planlama
Molecular Biology and Genetics / Moleküler Biyoloji ve Genetik
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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