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Title: Insights into sustainability of engineered carbonaceous material-based technologies for advanced cyanide removal from wastewater
Authors: Gören, Ayşegül Yağmur
Recepoğlu, Yaşar Kemal
Yoon, Yeojoon
Khataee, Alireza
Keywords: Cyanide
Activated carbon
Carbon nanotube
Wastewater treatment
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Cyanide (CN) is a serious concern in industrial and goldmine wastewater. Strict regula-tory standards have been established by various agencies due to the detrimental effects that CN has on human health. Therefore, before discharge to water bodies or land, it is essential to create a sus-tainable model for the safe removal of CN. Carbon-based materials are well known for their adsorption and oxidation features, which can be conducive to CN removal. This paper reviews the relevant literature on the application of modified and unmodified carbon-based materials to CN removal in water; these materials include activated carbon (AC), graphene, graphene oxide (GO), and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Moreover, CN removal mechanisms and photocatalytic removal of CN are comprehensively discussed, with a particular emphasis on modifying carbon-based materials. It has been observed that adding various elements to carbon-based materials improves their surface area, functional groups, CN adsorption capacity, and pore volume. Impacts of operational parameters, isotherm models, kinetics, and types of carbon-based materials are also outlined. This study provides insight into the real-scale applicability of carbon-based materials for CN removal from waters. Moreover, this review indicates that essential work on CN removal using carbon-based materials is still needed. Future research should focus on developing modified carbon-based materials to encourage multidisciplinary research. The most crucial gap in the literature is that the studies have been performed on a lab scale. Therefore, further pilot and real-scale applica-tions should be conducted. Overall, the cost assessment, environmental effects, and human health risks of carbon-based materials should be studied in future research to achieve a realistic perspective on applicability on an industrial scale.(c) 2023 THE AUTHORS. Published by Elsevier BV on behalf of Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
ISSN: 1110-0168
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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