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Title: Potent telomerase activators from a novel sapogenin via biotransformation utilizing Camarosporium laburnicola, an endophytic fungus
Authors: Küçüksolak, Melis
Yılmaz, Sinem
Ballar Kırmızıbayrak, Petek
Bedir, Erdal
Keywords: Anti-aging
Endophytic fungi
Telomerase activator
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Cycloartane-type triterpenoids possess important biological activities, including immunostimulant, wound healing, and telomerase activation. Biotransformation is one of the derivatization strategies of natural products to improve their bioactivities. Endophytic fungi have attracted attention in biotransformation studies because of their ability to perform modifications in complex structures with a high degree of stereospecificity. RESULTS: This study focuses on biotransformation studies on cyclocephagenol (1), a novel cycloartane-type sapogenin from Astragalus species, and its 12-hydroxy derivatives (2 and 3) to obtain new telomerase activators. Since the hTERT protein levels of cyclocephagenol (1) and its 12-hydroxy derivatives (2 and 3) on HEKn cells were found to be notable, biotransformation studies were carried out on cyclocephagenol and its 12-hydroxy derivatives using Camarosporium laburnicola, an endophytic fungus isolated from Astragalus angustifolius. Later, immunoblotting and PCR-based ELISA assay were used to screen starting compounds and biotransformation products for their effects on hTERT protein levels and telomerase activation. All compounds showed improved telomerase activation compared to the control group. CONCLUSIONS: As a result of biotransformation studies, seven new metabolites were obtained and characterized, verifying the potential of C. laburnicola as a biocatalyst. Additionally, the bioactivity results showed that this endophytic biocatalyst is unique in transforming the metabolites of its host to afford potent telomerase activators. © 2023. The Author(s).
ISSN: 1475-2859
Appears in Collections:Bioengineering / Biyomühendislik
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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