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Title: Fabrication of helix aspersa extract loaded gradient scaffold with an integrated architecture for osteochondral tissue regeneration: Morphology, structure, and in vitro bioactivity [2]
Authors: Tamburacı, Sedef
Perpelek, Merve
Aydemir, Selma
Baykara, Başak
Havıtçıoğlu, Hasan
Tıhmınlıoğlu, Funda
Keywords: Gradient scaffold
Helix aspersa
Computerized tomography
Tissue regeneration
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: Regeneration of osteochondral tissue with its layered complex structure and limited self-repair capacity has come into prominence as an application area for biomaterial design. Thus, literature studies have aimed to design multilayered scaffolds using natural polymers to mimic its unique structure. In this study, fabricated scaffolds are composed of transition layers both chemically and morphologically to mimic the gradient structure of osteochondral tissue. The aim of this study is to produce gradient chitosan (CHI) scaffolds with bioactive snail (Helix aspersa) mucus (M) and slime (S) extract and investigate the structures regarding their physicochemical, mechanical, and morphological characteristics as well as in vitro cytocompatibility and bioactivity. Gradient scaffolds (CHI-M and CHI-S) were fabricated via a layer-by-layer freezing and lyophilization technique. Highly porous and continuous 3D structures were obtained and observed with SEM analysis. In addition, scaffolds were physically characterized with water uptake test, micro-CT, mechanical analysis (compression tests), and XRD analysis. In vitro bioactivity of scaffolds was investigated by co-culturing Saos-2 and SW1353 cells on each compartment of gradient scaffolds. Osteogenic activity of Saos-2 cells on extract loaded gradient scaffolds was investigated in terms of ALP secretion, osteocalcin (OC) production, and biomineralization. Chondrogenic bioactivity of SW1353 cells was investigated regarding COMP and GAG production and observed with Alcian Blue staining. Both mucus and slime incorporation in the chitosan matrix increased the osteogenic differentiation of Saos-2 and SW1353 cells in comparison to the pristine matrix. In addition, histological and immunohistological staining was performed to investigate ECM formation on gradient scaffolds. Both characterization and in vitro bioactivity results indicated that CHI-M and CHI-S scaffolds show potential for osteochondral tissue regeneration, mimicking the structure as well as enhancing physical characteristics and bioactivity. © 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.
Description: Article; Early Access
ISSN: 2576-6422
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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