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Title: Biofouling-resistant ultrafiltration membranes via codeposition of dopamine and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide with retained size selectivity and water flux
Authors: Cihanoğlu, Aydın
Schiffman, Jessica D.
Alsoy Altınkaya, Sacide
Keywords: Anti-biofouling
Biofouling resistance
Ultrafiltration membrane
Quaternary ammonium compounds
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: Biofouling is a serious problem in ultrafiltration (UF) membrane applications. Modifying the surface of membranes with low molecular weight, commercially available antibacterial chemistries is an excellent strategy to mitigate biofouling. Herein, we report a new strategy to impart antibacterial and anti-biofouling behavior without changing the support membrane’s size selectivity and pure water permeance (PWP). To this end, a strong antibacterial agent, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), was codeposited with dopamine onto commercial polyethersulfone (PES) UF membranes in the presence of nitrogen (N2) gas backflow. The PWP and pore size of the support membrane did not change with codeposition, confirming the benefit of N2 backflow in mitigating the solution intrusion phenomenon. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), surface ζ potentials, and contact angle measurements confirmed the successful codeposition of polydopamine (PDA) and CTAB onto the membrane. Among three different CTAB concentrations systematically investigated, the membrane functionalized with CTAB at the critical micelle concentration (CMC) provided the best anti-biofouling activity against Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) bacteria and retained its surface ζ potential after being stored in 1 M NaCl (pH = 6.8) for 3 months. Our results demonstrate the potential of using a facile, one-step approach to modify commercial UF membranes without compromising their pore size or flux, while simultaneously endowing antibacterial activity.
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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