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Title: Cauchy-Rician model for backscattering in urban SAR images
Authors: Karakuş, Oktay
Kuruoğlu, Ercan Engin
Achim, Alin
Altınkaya, Mustafa Aziz
Keywords: Cauchy-Rician Model
Synthetic aperture radar
Urban modeling
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Abstract: This letter presents a new statistical model for urban scene synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images by combining the Cauchy distribution, which is heavy tailed, with the Rician backscattering. The literature spans various well-known models most of which are derived under the assumption that the scene consists of multitudes of random reflectors. This idea specifically fails for urban scenes since they accommodate a heterogeneous collection of strong scatterers such as buildings, cars, and wall corners. Moreover, when it comes to analyzing their statistical behavior, due to these strong reflectors, urban scenes include a high number of high amplitude samples, which implies that urban scenes are mostly heavy-tailed. The proposed Cauchy-Rician model contributes to the literature by leveraging nonzero location (Rician) heavy-tailed (Cauchy) signal components. In the experimental analysis, the Cauchy-Rician model is investigated in comparison to state-of-the-art statistical models that include $\mathcal {G}_{0}$ , generalized gamma, and the lognormal distribution. The numerical analysis demonstrates the superior performance and flexibility of the proposed distribution for modeling urban scenes.
Appears in Collections:Computer Engineering / Bilgisayar Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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