Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11147/11454
Title: Characteristic properties and recyclability of the aluminium fraction of MSWI bottom ash
Authors: Gökelma, Mertol
Vallejo-Olivares, Alicia
Tranell, Gabriella
Keywords: Aluminium
Recycling
Bottom ash
Incineration
MSWI
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The increasing use of aluminimum in packaging applications results in many different aluminium-based products ending up in consumer mixed-waste bins. This waste is typically incinerated, generating an aluminium-containing bottom ash. The current work investigates the recyclability of the aluminium fraction in the bottom ash from waste incineration plants in the USA, UK and Denmark. Incinerated Al samples from different size fractions (2-6 mm, 6-12 mm and 12-30 mm) were characterized in terms of inherent oxide thickness, re-melting yield/coagulation and composition. The measured average oxide thickness on Al particles was 68 mm (SD=100), with the metal yield and coagulation efficiency measured to between 76 and 92% and 87-99% respectively. Larger particle size fractions resulted in a higher metal yield due to their higher mass to surface ratio. A simplified model correlating metal yield and particle size was proposed. The aluminium content of the melted material was determined to between 95.6 and 98.5% with main impurities being Fe, Si, Mn, Zn, Mg and Cu, corresponding to major aluminium alloying elements and waste charge components. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2021.05.012
https://hdl.handle.net/11147/11454
ISSN: 0956-053X
1879-2456
Appears in Collections:Materials Science and Engineering / Malzeme Bilimi ve Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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