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Title: Arsenic removal from groundwater using an aerated electrocoagulation reactor with 3D Al electrodes in the presence of anions
Authors: Gören, Ayşegül Yağmur
Kobya, Mehmet
Keywords: 3D Al ball Electrodes
Aerated electrocoagulation
Arsenic removal
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Co-occurrence of arsenic and anions in groundwater causes a severe health problems and combine effects of these pollutants significantly affect performance of treatment process. Thus, this study has been conducted to examine the combine effects of anions on arsenic removal using aerated electrocoagulation (EC) reactor with 3D Al electrodes in groundwater. A 3-level, six factors Box-Behnken experimental design (BBD) was applied to investigate the individual and combine effect of anions and operating time: phosphate (x1: 1–10 mg L?1), silica (x2: 20–80 mg L?1), bicarbonate (x3: 130–670 mg L?1), fluoride (x4: 2–10 mg L?1), boron (x5: 5–10 mg L?1), and operating time (x6: 8–22 min) on desired responses. The specified responses were effluent arsenic concentration (Cf,As), removal efficiency of arsenic (Re), consumptions of energy and electrode (ENC and ELC), operational cost (OC), and adsorption capacity (qe). The optimum operating parameters predicted using BBD were found to be x1: 1.0 mg L?1, x2: 26.0 mg L?1, x3: 651.5 mg L?1, x4: 2.0 mg L?1, x5: 9.9 mg L?1, and x6: 10.5 min considering highest removal efficiency of arsenic and lowest operational cost. Under these operating conditions, the experimental values of Cf,As, Re, ENC, ELC, OC, and qe were found to be 2.82 ?g L?1, 98.6%, 0.411 kWh m?3, 0.0124 kg m?3, 0.098 $ m?3, and 17.65 ?g As (mg Al)?1, respectively. Furthermore, mathematical modelling was conducted using quadratic regression model and response surface analysis was performed to understand the relationship between independent parameters and responses. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN: 0045-6535
Appears in Collections:Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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