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Title: Removal of arsenate by electrocoagulation reactor using aluminum ball anode electrodes
Authors: Gören, Ayşegül Yağmur
Öncel, Mehmet Salim
Demirbaş, Erhan
Şık, Emrah
Kobya, Mehmet
Keywords: Al ball anodes
Arsenate removal
Box-Behnken design
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Abstract: The aim of this research was to remove arsenate (As(V)) from groundwater using an air-injected electrocoagulation (EC) reactor with aluminum (Al) ball anodes. The effects of seven operating variables - initial pH, applied current (i), operating time (t(EC)), initial As(V) concentration (C-o), Al ball anode diameter (d(p)), reactor column height (h), and airflow rate (Q(air)) were investigated with a Box-Behnken statistical experimental design. ANOVA results from the quadratic model equations indicated that the model fitted very well with the experimental data for the responses, which were removal efficiency, operating cost (OC), As(V) adsorption capacity, and effluent concentration (R-2 >= 0.87). The most effective parameters were applied current, operating time, and anode height for As(V) removal efficiency in the EC reactor, while initial pH, Al anode diameter, and air flow rate had limited effect on removal. The model predicted a residual As(V) concentration below 10 mu g/L under the optimum operating conditions (pH 7.03, 0.29 A, 10.5 min, d(p) 7.5 mm, 613.4 mu g/L, h 5.1 cm, and Q(air) 6.4 L/min). The maximum As(V) removal efficiency and minimum OC in the EC process were almost 99% and 0.442 $/m(3), respectively.
ISSN: 1751-231X
Appears in Collections:Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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