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Antimicrobial effects in food and prevention of contamination in food industry
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The most commonly recognized food-borne infections are caused by Campylobacter jejuni and Salmonella spp. In the past 25 years, Listeria monocytogenes has become increasingly important as a food-associated pathogen. Though, an annual incidence of human listeriosis is between two and ten reported cases per million in EU countries. Because of its high case fatality rate, listeriosis ranks among the most frequent causes of death due to food-borne illness. L. monocytogenes and C. jejuni has been shown to adapt to different environmental stress factors, including disinfectants. Salmonella enteritidis, C. jejuni and L. monocytogenes may also form a biolfim which helps to survive in the environment. For that reason, the food industrial hygiene has become important to avoid contamination of raw food and food products with these pathogens.