Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11147/5333
Title: Cognitive strategies of analogical reasoning in design: Differences between expert and novice designers
Authors: Özkan, Özgü
Doğan, Fehmi
Özkan, Özgü
Doğan, Fehmi
Izmir Institute of Technology. Architecture
Keywords: Analogical reasoning
Creativity
Design cognition
Design education
Architectural design education
Cognitive strategy
Issue Date: Mar-2013
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Source: Özkan, Ö., and Doğan, F. (2013). Cognitive strategies of analogical reasoning in design: Differences between expert and novice designers. Design Studies, 34(2), 161-192. doi:10.1016/j.destud.2012.11.006
Abstract: This study investigates differences in analogical reasoning among first, second, and fourth year students and expert architects. Participants took part in an experiment consisting of four tasks: rating source examples, selecting a source domain, explaining their selection, and designing a bus stop. The results indicate significant differences among participants with respect to their soundness ratings. The results also show significant relation between level of expertise and participants' selection of source categories, the stated reasons for their selection, and the type of similarity they established between source and target. We conclude that experts preferred ‘mental hops’ while first year students preferred ‘mental leaps.’ Second and fourth year students preferred neither ‘mental leaps’ nor ‘mental hops’ but to literally copy the sources.
URI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2012.11.006
http://hdl.handle.net/11147/5333
ISSN: 0142-694X
0142-694X
Appears in Collections:Architecture / Mimarlık
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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