Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11147/4720
Title: Investigation of the permeability of pure gases in sol-gel derived Al 2O 3 membrane
Authors: Topuz, Berna
Çiftçioğlu, Muhsin
Özkan, Fehime
Çiftçioğlu, Muhsin
Çakıcıoğlu Özkan, Seher Fehime
Topuz, Berna
Izmir Institute of Technology. Chemical Engineering
Keywords: Alumina
Ceramic
Gas permeation
Membrane
Sol-Gel
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications
Source: Topuz, B., Çiftçioğlu, M., and Çakıcıoğlu Özkan, S. F. (2004). Investigation of the permeability of pure gases in sol-gel derived Al 2O 3 membrane. Key Engineering Materials, 264-268(I), 399-402. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.264-268.399
Abstract: The preparation, characterization and pure gas permeation of sol-gel derived alumina membranes were investigated in this work. The effects of acid concentration/type and water content on the particle size in the sols and pore size distributions of the unsupported membrane were investigated by N 2 adsorption/desorption isotherms and Dynamic Light Scattering. Increasing the H +/Al 3+ mole ratio from 0.1 to 0.25 caused the hydrodynamic sol particle size and BJH pore size to decrease from 65 to 30 nm and 3.6 to 2.9 nm, respectively. The pore size increased from 2.8 nm to 3 nm upon increasing the calcination temperature from 500 to 600°C. Unsupported membranes were heat treated in the 200 to 1200 °C range for the characterization of the phase structure. Pinhole and crack free alumina membranes about 3 μm (2-layer) in thickness was observed from the SEM pictures with insignificant infiltration. The CO 2 permeability through the double layer γ-Al 2O 3 membrane calcined at 600 °C was 2.25*10 -7 mol/m 2.s.Pa, and had a slight pressure dependence indicating Knudsen Diffusion and Laminar Flow being the effective transport mechanisms. Upon the calcination of a similar 2-layer alumina membrane at 500°C, the CO 2 permeability decreased to 1.51 *10 -8 mol/m 2.s.Pa. without pressure dependence.
Description: Proceedings of the 8th Conference and Exhibition of the European Ceramic Society; Istanbul; Turkey; 29 June 2003 through 3 July 2003
URI: http://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.264-268.399
http://hdl.handle.net/11147/4720
ISSN: 1013-9826
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering / Kimya Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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