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Optical and electrochemical properties of polyether derivatives of perylenediimides adsorbed on nanocrystalline metal oxide films
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We report optical and electrochemical properties of polyether derivatives of perylenediimides (PDIs) thin films formed in various materials (semiconductor, insulator, amorphous and self-assembly). Perylenediimides adsorbed on nanocrystalline TiO2(NT) nanocrystalline alumina (NA), amorphous silicon (PS) and neat self-assemblied (SA) films were prepared and characterized based on spectroscopic, electrochemical, spectro-electrochemical techniques. The absorption and fluorescence spectra of PDIs in chloroform exhibit vibronic features. The fluorescence quantum yields (Uf) of PDIs with end amino substituents in chloroform solutions are over 0.95, while the quantum yield of triethoxyphenyl substituted PDIUfvalue is 0.024 in solution. Optical spectroscopy proves that PDIs in metal oxide thin films form aggregated type complexes. An electrochromism, a color change from red to blue/violet, is observed on metal oxide films, that indicates existence of mono and dianion forms of PDIs. Reversibility of electrochemical reductions in NT film depends on the scanning rate. However, electrochromism in NA films is stable and reversibility is independent from scanning rate. Stable mono and diaionic species are formed on NA films. SA films show broad absorption peaks during the voltammetric scan. On the other hand, the first reduction onset potentials of PDIs are almost equal to the onset potential of capacitive current of TiO2which lead to low efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells.