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Title: The accelerating effects of the microorganisms on biodeterioration of stone monuments under air pollution and continental-cold climatic conditions in Erzurum, Turkey
Authors: Nuhoğlu, Yaşar
Ensar, Oğuz
Uslu, Hakan
Özbek, Ahmet
İpekoğlu, Başak
Ocak, İjlal
Hasenekoğlu, İsmet
Keywords: Biodeterioration
Continental-cold climate
Stone monuments
Microbial identification system
Issue Date: Jul-2006
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Source: Nuhoğlu, Y., Oğuz, E., Uslu, H., Özbek, A., İpekoğlu, B., Ocak, İ., and Hasenekoğlu, İ (2006). The accelerating effects of the microorganisms on biodeterioration of stone monuments under air pollution and continental-cold climatic conditions in Erzurum, Turkey. Science of the Total Environment, 364(1-3), 272-283. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.06.034
Abstract: The aim of this research was to determine the accelerating effects of microorganisms on the biodeterioration of stone under air pollution and continental-cold climatic region in Erzurum, Turkey. Studies have been carried out on specimens of the Rustempasa Bazaar, the Lalapasa Mosque, the Erzurum Castle Mosque, the Double Minarets-Madrasah, the Great Mosque and the Haji Mehmet Fountain aged from 441 to 823 years old. The results showed that vegetative and reproductive (generative) forms of the microorganisms could develop during the winter months when the night time average temperature was even - 25 °C. Also the reproductive forms had developed and the whole stone surface was covered with a biofilm caused by the microorganisms. Silicon, aluminum, calcium, potassium, titanium, magnesium, zinc, sulfur, iron, sodium, and niobium were found in the stones of the historical buildings with varying amounts through the SEM-EDS analysis. Some of these elements could be used as an energy resource for the microorganisms together with the air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particles on the stone surfaces. Of 21 isolates, 15 species from 6 bacterium genera and 5 species from 5 fungi genera plus 1 fungi genera were identified on the deteriorated stone surfaces even during the coldest months by microbial identification system (MIS) and these findings were tested by SEM investigations.
ISSN: 0048-9697
Appears in Collections:Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage / Kültür Varlıklarını Koruma ve Onarım
PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
Sürdürülebilir Yeşil Kampüs Koleksiyonu / Sustainable Green Campus Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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