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Differentiation of mixtures of monovarietal olive oils by mid-infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics
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Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy in combination with chemometric techniques has become a useful tool for authenticity determination of extra-virgin olive oils. Spectroscopic analysis of monovarietal extra-virgin olive oils obtained from three different olive cultivars (Erkence, Ayvalik and Nizip) and mixtures (Erkence-Nizip and Ayvalik-Nizip) of monovarietal olive oils was performed with an FT-IR spectrometer equipped with a ZnSe attenuated total reflection sample accessory and a deuterated tri-glycine sulfate detector. Using spectral data, principal component analysis successfully classified each cultivar and differentiated the mixtures from pure mono-varietal oils. Quantification of two different monovarietal oil mixtures (2-20%) is achieved using partial least square (PLS) regression models. Correlation coefficients (R2) of the proposed PLS regression models are 0.94 and 0.96 for the Erkence-Nizip and Ayvalik-Nizip mixtures, respectively. Cross-validation was applied to check the goodness of fit for the PLS regression models, and R 2 of the cross-validation was determined as 0.84 and 0.91, respectively, for the two mixtures.