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Title: Fabrication of gelatin-polyester based biocomposite scaffold via one-step functionalization of melt electrowritten polymer blends in aqueous phase
Authors: Köksal,B.
Keywords: Biocomposite
Melt Electrowriting
Poly (ε-caprolactone)
Surface chemistry
Tissue engineering
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The rapid manufacturing of biocomposite scaffold made of saturated-Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and unsaturated Polyester (PE) blends with gelatin and modified gelatin (NCO-Gel) is demonstrated. Polyester blend-based scaffold are fabricated with and without applying potential in the melt electrowriting system. Notably, the applied potential induces phase separation between PCL and PE and drives the formation of PE rich spots at the interface of electrowritten fibers. The objective of the current study is to control the phase separation between saturated and unsaturated polyesters occurring in the melt electro-writing process and utilization of this phenomenon to improve efficiency of biofunctionalization at the interface of scaffold via Aza-Michael addition reaction. Electron-deficient triple bonds of PE spots on the fibers exhibit good potential for the biofunctionalization via the aza-Michael addition reaction. PE spots are found to be pronounced in which blend compositions are PCL-PE as 90:10 and 75:25 %. The biofunctionalization of scaffold is monitored through C[sbnd]N bond formation appeared at 400 eV via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and XPS chemical mapping. The described biofunctionalization methodology suggest avoiding use of multi-step chemical modification on additive manufacturing products and thereby rapid prototyping of functional polymer blend based scaffolds with enhanced biocompatibility and preserved mechanical properties. Additionally one-step additive manufacturing method eliminates side effects of toxic solvents and long modification steps during scaffold fabrication. © 2024 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 0141-8130
Appears in Collections:PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection

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