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Title: Boron removal from geothermal brine using hybrid reverse Osmosis/Microbial desalination cell system
Authors: Gören, Ayşegül Yağmur
Jarma, Yakubu A.
Kabay, Nalan
Baba, Alper
Ökten, Hatice Eser
Keywords: Energy production
Geothermal brine
Irrigation water
Microbial desalination cell
Reverse osmosis
Geothermal fields
Water filtration
Issue Date: Mar-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Agriculture sector leads worldwide as the most water consuming sector with water demand. Since natural water resources cannot keep up with the demand, a shift from conventional water resources to unconventional ones is needed. While geothermal water was gaining importance for its energy content, small-scale (<10 L/s) energy plants were not required to reinject their spent geothermal brine. As geothermal resources align with agricultural areas in Western Anatolia, discharge of untreated brine might have severe adverse effects on crop yields and soil quality. In this study, we investigated use of spent geothermal brine for irrigation after treatment with Reverse Osmosis/Microbial Desalination Cell (RO/MDC) hybrid process. Treatment efficiencies for B, COD, As, Li, Fe, Cr concentrations and energy production values were determined. Treated water was initially evaluated for irrigation considering three quality categories (I, II, and III) comprised of parameters such as electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), along with sodium, chloride and boron concentrations. Additionally, magnesium adsorption ratio (MAR) and permeability index (PI) were used to evaluate for irrigation suitability. Although B concentrations in MDC-treated permeate (3.29 mg/L) and concentrate (2.99 mg/L) streams were not low enough to meet Quality I criterion (<0.7 mg/L), they can be still utilized in irrigation of moderate-to-high tolerant plants. Furthermore, PI and MAR parameters pointed to suitability for irrigational use. © 2022
ISSN: 1383-5866
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering / İnşaat Mühendisliği
Environmental Engineering / Çevre Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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