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Title: Authentication of Turkish olive oils by using detailed pigment profile and spectroscopic techniques
Authors: Uncu, Oğuz
Özen, Banu
Tokatlı, Figen
Keywords: authentication
olive oil
FTIR spectroscopy
UV-visible spectroscopy
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Abstract: BACKGROUND Minor compounds of olive oil could have discriminatory characteristics in the authentication of this product. It was aimed to determine the detailed pigment profiles of Turkish olive oils and use them in differentiation of the samples in comparison to fast, reliable, and environmentally friendly Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) and ultraviolet (UV)-visible spectroscopic techniques. Pigment contents of 91 olive oils obtained from different locations for two consecutive harvesting years were determined with chromatographic analysis and FTIR and UV-visible spectra of these samples were also obtained. All data were analyzed with orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis to investigate the differentiation ability of these methods with regard to their detailed pigment and spectroscopic profiles. RESULTS Pheophytin a (2.78-8.98 mg kg(-1)) and lutein (1.19-4.07 mg kg(-1)) were the major pigments in all samples. Pigment profiles provided successful classification of olive oils with respect to their designated origins and harvesting year with average correct classification rates of 97%. UV-visible spectroscopy has quite similar results with pigment profiles in terms of its discriminatory power. In addition, FTIR and fused data were slightly better in discrimination of the samples, and the fused dataset has the highest correct classification rate of 100%. CONCLUSION Use of detailed pigment profiles is quite promising in authentication of olive oils. However, UV-visible and FTIR spectroscopic techniques could be reliable alternatives for the same purposes. All of the techniques studied have great potential in 'protected designation of origin' certification studies. (c) 2020 Society of Chemical Industry
Description: PubMed: 31901137
ISSN: 0022-5142
Appears in Collections:PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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