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The effect of cavities and T-shaped assembly of fins on overall thermal resistances
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In this study, authors show that maximum excess temperature on a heat generating cylindrical solid domain can be minimized with numerically optimized rectangular cavities and T-shaped fins. The effect of the cavities and the fins on overall thermal resistances were compared while their volume fraction in a unit volume element is fixed. Furthermore, the designs correspond to the minimum thermal resistance were uncovered for two types of flows; parallel and cross-flow. The governing equations of the heat transfer and the fluid flow were solved simultaneously in order to show the effects of design on the flow characteristics and the thermal performance. Two-dimensional solution domain was used to uncover the thermal performance in cross-flow case because the flow direction is perpendicular to the heat transfer surface area of the heat generating domain. However, three-dimensional domain was used in parallel flow case because the fluid flows along the outer surface of the heat generating domain. For the cross-flow case, the results show that T-shaped assembly of fins with longer stem and shorter tributaries correspond to the lower peak temperature. In addition, the results also show that there is an optimal cavity shape that minimizes the peak temperature. This optimal shape becomes thinner when the number of the cavities increase. In parallel flow case, fins with thicker and shorter stem and longer tributaries correspond to the minimum excess temperature. In addition, the longer and thinner cavities increase the thermal performance in parallel flow case.