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Law of the nano-wall” in nano-channel gas flows
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Molecular dynamics simulations of force-driven nano-channel gas flows show two distinct flow regions. While the bulk flow region can be determined using kinetic theory, transport in the near-wall region is dominated by gas–wall interactions. This duality enables definition of an inner-layer scaling, (Formula presented.) , based on the molecular dimensions. For gas–wall interactions determined by Lennard–Jones potential, the velocity distribution for (Formula presented.) exhibits a universal behavior as a function of the local Knudsen number and gas–wall interaction parameters, which can be interpreted as the “law of the nano-wall.” Knowing the velocity and density distributions within this region and using the bulk flow velocity profiles from Beskok–Karniadakis model (Beskok and Karniadakis in Microscale Thermophys Eng 3(1):43–77, 1999), we outline a procedure that can correct kinetic-theory-based mass flow rate predictions in the literature for various nano-channel gas flows.