Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11147/5349
Title: Weathering of andesite monuments in archaeological sites
Authors: Kaplan, Çaglayan Deniz
Mürtezaoğlu, Fulya
İpekoğlu, Başak
Böke, Hasan
Kaplan, Çağlayan Deniz
Mürtezaoğlu, Fulya
İpekoğlu, Başak
Böke, Hasan
Keywords: Andesite
Archaeological site
Clay minerals
Conservation
Stone weathering
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Source: Kaplan, Ç.D., Mürtezaoğlu, F., İpekoğlu, B., and Böke, H. (2013). Weathering of andesite monuments in archaeological sites. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 14(3 SUPPL), e77-e83. doi:10.1016/j.culher.2012.11.022
Abstract: Archaeological sites, which are the integral parts of cultural heritage, have to be conserved as a whole to have a variety of information about past societies. In this study, the weathering problems of unburied and newly excavated andesite monuments in Aigai archaeological site (Manisa, Turkey) were investigated for the purpose of their conservation. With this intent, the basic physical properties, mineralogical and chemical compositions and microstructural properties of sound and weathered samples were determined by using XRD, SEM-EDS, FT-IR and TGA analysis. Results of the study indicated that the weathering mechanisms of unburied and post-excavated andesite differ from each other. The main weathering problems observed on the unburied stones are mainly increasing microcracks from inner parts to the surfaces, deposition of iron oxides and microbiological colonization due to climatic conditions of the site. In the newly excavated areas, calcium carbonate deposition, accumulation of clay minerals and microbiological colonization are the main weathering problems due to weathering of silica minerals through the action of carbon dioxide and water during burial.
URI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2012.11.022
http://hdl.handle.net/11147/5349
ISSN: 1296-2074
1296-2074
Appears in Collections:Architectural Restoration / Mimari Restorasyon
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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