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Analysis of illegal physical development in metropolitan cities: An İzmir case
The main aim of this study is to analyze the production processes of illegal housing, industrial, commercial and other types of buildings and also to examine the municipalities. acts and attitudes against the illegal-uncontrolled development. In this connection, quantitative and physical database about illegal development in İzmir Metropolitan City was searched by using statistical data and Geographical Information Systems as a tool and to generate information about local and physical features of İzmir. Illegal physical development is an urbanization problem, so to understand the characteristics-dynamics of the problem and to search the reasons behind the uncontrolled and illegal development; social, economic and political determinants of the subject such as industrialization, migration and urbanization should be analyzed. Therefore, to understand the process of illegal physical development, background of the phenomenon was discussed. In this study, illegal physical development issue has been regarded as a global problem, which is the result of quantitative and qualitative transformation of the economic, social, political and cultural structure in the 3rd world countries. Thus, samples from 3rd world countries, from Turkish Cities and from İzmir were given to present different variations as a comparative research. Policies, laws, regulations, applications and institutions about the prevention of illegal building production were evaluated. In the case study of the thesis, the enforcement notices (yapı tatil zaptı) that were given by supervision of each 9 district municipality of İzmir Metropolitan Municipality, during January 2000-December 2000 period were analyzed. The last step was to search for a strategic approach to prevent illegal-uncontrolled development in urban space.