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Structural analyses and assessment of historical Kamanlı Mosque in Izmir, Turkey
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Historical structures are one of the most precious pieces of cultural accumulation. In this study, an interdisciplinary work was conducted to assess the structural condition of a historical masonry structure, Urla Kamanl Mosque in zmir, Turkey. The structure is a member of group of structures, Yahi Bey Complex, which includes a Turkish bath, a tomb, two fountains, and a primary school. The structure dates back to early 14th century to mid-15th century. History investigation, measurement survey, long-term settlement, and moisture observations were conducted. Nondestructive and destructive material tests were performed on stone, brick, and mortar. 3D finite-element model of the structure was used to investigate the critical locations of the structure under its self-weight, seismic load, and settlement load. Linear elastic and nonlinear settlement analyses were conducted to investigate the reason for massive cracks challenging the structural integrity. © 2010 ASCE.