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Title: Properties of Roman bricks and mortars used in Serapis temple in the city of Pergamon
Authors: Böke, Hasan
Özkaya, Özlem Aslan
Böke, Hasan
Özkaya, Özlem Aslan
Keywords: Conservation
Roman brick
Roman mortar
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Source: Özkaya, Ö.A., and Böke, H. (2009). Properties of Roman bricks and mortars used in Serapis temple in the city of Pergamon. Materials Characterization, 60(9), 995-1000. doi:10.1016/j.matchar.2009.04.003
Abstract: Serapis temple, which was constructed in the Roman period in the city of Pergamon (Bergama/Turkey), is one of the most important monuments of the world heritage. In this study, the characteristics of bricks and mortars used in the temple have been determined in order to define the necessary characteristics of the intervention materials, which will be used in the conservation works of the temple. Several analyses were carried out to determine their basic physical properties, raw material compositions, mineralogical and microstructural properties using X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscope and a Thermo Gravimetric Analyzer. Analysis results indicated that the mortars are stiff, compact and hydraulic due to the use of natural pozzolanic aggregates. The Roman bricks are of low density, high porosity and were produced from raw materials containing calcium poor clays fired at low temperatures.
ISSN: 1044-5803
Appears in Collections:Architectural Restoration / Mimari Restorasyon
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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