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Title: Numerical investigation of melting process for phase change material (PCM) embedded in metal foam structures with Kelvin cells at pore scale level
Authors: Sabet, Safa
Buonomo, Bernardo
Sheremet, Mikhail A.
Manca, Oronzio
Keywords: Kelvin cell structure
Numerical methods
Phase change materials
Pore scale analysis
Thermal energy storage
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The present numerical study analyzes the melting process of phase change material (PCM) embedded in a metallic foam structure at pore scale level. The computational domain consists of two different sizes of 3D cubic boxes. The analyzed domain is filled with Kelvin cell-structures with different Cell Per Length (CPL) and constant porosity of 0.956. A constant temperature, higher than the melting temperature of PCM, is assigned to one external surface of the enclosure, while the other surfaces are adiabatic. The conjugate problem for the heat transfer between the PCM and the solid structure with Kelvin cells is developed. Enthalpy-porosity method is used to describe the PCM melting process. The finite volume method is used to solve the conjugate heat transfer problem at pore scale level by Ansys-Fluent code. A comparison of different CPL values is reported in terms of liquid fraction, average temperature of the PCM, and energy storage. The comparison is also considered between the two different volumes of the cubic boxes. The presence of the metallic structured Kelvin cells increases the overall heat transfer rate and decreases the melting time. Results for smaller cavity indicates that as the CPL number increases, the time required for the PCM melting process decreases. Furthermore, the total heat accumulation process takes a shorter time to reach the maximum value. The melting time and the duration of heat accumulation are worsened for the large cubic box (L = 4 inch) at CLP>6. This is due to the dominant viscous effect, which decreases the velocity induced by the buoyancy forces because of higher contact surface area. In these cases, heat transfer between liquid and solid phases of the PCM decreases substantially. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN: 0017-9310
Appears in Collections:Mechanical Engineering / Makina Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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