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Title: Comparative analysis of estimation of slope-length gradient (LS) factor for entire Afghanistan
Authors: Ansari, Ahmad
Tayfur, Gökmen
Keywords: Soil erosion
Slope length
LS factor
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Abstract: Slope length gradient (LS) is one of the crucial factors in the Universal Soil Loss Equations (USLE, RUSLE). This study aimed at estimating the slope-length and slope-steepness (LS) factor for the entire watersheds of Afghanistan by using three different methods, namely; (1) LS-TOOLMFD (Method 1); (2) The Method of Equations (Method 2); and (3) The approach of Moore and Burch (Method 3). The first method uses the digital elevation model (DEM) in the ASCII format, and the other two methods use the DEM in the spatial domain. The results show that the LS-factor of the study area ranges from 0.01 to 44.31, with a mean of 5.24 and standard deviation of 6.95, according to Method 1; 0.03 to 163.49, with a mean of 9.6 and standard deviation of 13.58, according to Method 2; and 0 to 3985, with a mean of 7.16 and standard deviation of 29.7, according to Method 3. The study reveals that Methods 1 and 2 are more appropriate than Method 3 because Method 3 yields high LS-factor values close to or at streamlines located near mountainous regions. The highest LS values are found to be in the northeast, north, and central regions of Afghanistan, which is consistent with the high mountains and deep valley geomorphology, indicating that these regions are particularly vulnerable to soil erosion by rainfall-runoff processes. The sediment delivery ratio (SDR) for the Upper-Helmand River Basin (Upper-HRB) is also estimated by the RUSLE, employing the LS factors produced by the three methods. The results revealed that the average annual soil loss is found to be, respectively, 9.3, 18.2, and 11.1 (ton/ha/year) by using the three methods, corresponding to SDR of 23.5%, 12.1%, and 19.9%.
ISSN: 1947-5705
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering / İnşaat Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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