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Title: Masonry buildings subjected to settlements: Half-scale testing, detailed measurements, and insights into behaviour
Authors: Dalgıç, Korhan Deniz
Gülen, Burcu
Liu, Yiyan
Açıkgöz, Sinan
Burd, Harvey
Maraşlı, Muhammed
İlki, Alper
Keywords: Digital image correlation
Fibre optic sensing
Large-scale testing
Issue Date: Mar-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Industry procedures to assess the risk of settlement-induced damage to masonry buildings ignore key aspects of the problem, such as the influences of building weight, façade openings, and floor structures. Experimental data are needed to characterise the influence of these aspects on damage. This paper describes tests on three brick masonry half-scale building models subjected to settlements. The use of scaling rules in choosing the model materials and kentledge, the settlement apparatus, and the cross-validation of displacement and strain measurements are presented. Comparative evaluation of building responses show that: (i) the distribution of building weight and the resulting in-situ stresses play a key role in determining compliance to settlements, (ii) openings make the structure vulnerable to cracking and (iii) floor slabs stiffen and strengthen the building and prevent the formation of damage in the upper floors, leading to a concentration of damage at the ground storey.
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering / İnşaat Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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