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Title: Orientation dependent tensile properties of a selective-laser-melt 316L stainless steel
Authors: Güden, Mustafa
Yavaş, Hakan
Tanrıkulu, Ahmet Alptuğ
Taşdemirci, Alper
Akın, Barış
Enser, Samed
Karakuş, Ayberk
Arslan Hamat, Burcu
Keywords: Additive
SLM-316L alloy
Inclination angle
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The effect of specimen inclination angle with respect to building direction on the tensile properties of a selective laser melt 316L alloy was investigated. Tensile test specimens were fabricated with the angles between 0 degrees to 90 degrees at 15 degrees intervals using a rotation scanning. In addition, 316L alloy test specimens were generated in the ANSYS 2020R1 additive module and tensile tested in LS-DYNA in order to determine the effect of residual stresses on the tensile strengths. The microscopic analysis revealed a strong < 110 > fiber texture orientation along the building direction (the loading axis of 0 degrees inclined specimens) and a weak 111 texture or nearly random distribution of directions in the normal to the building direction (tensile loading axis of 90 degrees inclined specimens). The yield and tensile strength increased and ductility decreased with increasing inclination angle. The strength variation with the inclination angle was shown well-fitted with the Tsai-Hill failure criterion. Although, the used numerical models indicated an inclination-dependent residual stress, the difference in the residual stresses was much lower than the difference in the strengths between 0 degrees and 90 degrees inclined specimens. Predictions showed a lower twinning stress in 0 degrees inclined specimens due to < 110 > fiber texture orientation in the tensile axis. The fiber texture resulted in extensive twinning; hence, higher ductility and tension-compression asymmetry in 0 degrees inclined specimens. Based on these results, the variations in the strength and ductility of tested SLM-316L specimens with the inclination angle was ascribed to the variations in the angle between the fiber texture orientation and loading axis.
ISSN: 0921-5093
Appears in Collections:Mechanical Engineering / Makina Mühendisliği
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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