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Title: Electronic properties of intrinsic vacancies in single-layer CaF2 and its heterostructure with monolayer MoS2
Authors: Li, Zhenzhen
Başkurt, Mehmet
Şahin, Hasan
Gao, Shiwu
Kang, Jun
Keywords: Intrinsic vacancies
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: AIP Publishing LLC
Abstract: Exploring gate insulator materials for 2D transistors and their defect properties is of importance for device performance optimization. In this work, the structural and electronic properties of intrinsic vacancies in the CaF2 single layer and its heterostructures with monolayer MoS2 are investigated from first-principles calculations. V-Ca introduces a shallow defect level close to the VBM, whereas VF introduces a deep level below the CBM. In both cases, spin polarization is observed. Overall, VF has a relatively lower formation energy than VCa, except for the extreme Ca-rich case. Thus, VF should be dominant in CaF2. The band offset between CaF2 and MoS2 is determined to be type-I, with large offsets at both the conduction band and valence band. With the presence of vacancies in CaF2, the type-I band offset is preserved. The electron or hole on the defect states will transfer from CaF2 to MoS2 due to the large band offset, and spin polarization vanishes. Nevertheless, there are no defect states inside the gap or around the band edge of MoS2, and the electronic properties of MoS2 are almost intact. Compared with h-BN that has a small valence band offset with MoS2 and could introduce in-gap defect states, CaF2 can be a good candidate to serve as the dielectric layer of MoS2-based transistors. Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing.
ISSN: 0021-8979
Appears in Collections:Photonics / Fotonik
Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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