Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/11147/10485
Title: Soil erosion model tested on experimental data of a laboratory flume with a pre-existing rill
Authors: Aksoy, Hafzullah
Gedikli, Abdullah
Yılmaz, Murat
Eriş, Ebru
Ünal, N. Erdem
Yoon, Jaeyoung
Tayfur, Gökmen
Tayfur, Gökmen
Izmir Isntitute of Technology
Keywords: Erosion flume
Rainfall simulator
Rill
Sedigraph
Sediment transport model
Soil erosion
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Abstract: Prediction of sediment discharge transported within flow is strongly needed in order to provide measures for a well-established erosion control and water quality management practice. Initiated by runoff generation and erosion processes sediment transport is influenced by microtopography over hillslopes of hydrological watersheds. Consideration of microtopography provides more accurate results. In this study, a process-based two-dimensional rainfall-runoff mathematical model is coupled with erosion and sediment transport component. Both the rainfall-runoff and sediment transport components make simulations in rills and over interrill areas of a bare hillslope. Models at such fine resolution are rarely verified due to the complexity of rills and interrill areas. The model was applied on a data set compiled from laboratory experiments. Erosion flume was filled with granular sand to replace a bare soil. A longitudinal rill and an interrill area were pre-formed over the soil in the flume before the simulated rainfall exerted on. The flume was given both longitudinal and lateral slopes. The simulated rainfall was changed between 45 mm/h and 105 mm/h and exerted on granular uniform fine and medium sand in the erosion flume with longitudinal and lateral slopes both changing from 5% to 20%. Calibration of the model shows that it is able to produce good results in terms of sedigraphs, which suggest also that the model might be considered an important step to verify and improve watershed scale erosion and sediment transport models.
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.124391
https://hdl.handle.net/10485
ISSN: 0022-1694
Appears in Collections:Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection
WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection

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