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The impacts of planning criteria’s on groundwater sources: case of İzmir new city center
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Cities with historical background, according to their geographic or economic alteration generally possess different town centers. Mostly for better protection against human or non-human factors the center of cities are relocated. The city of Ġzmir is one the magnificent case of city center resettlements. The premier location of city that is estimated to be 5000-8000 years before was in Bornova reeds in the north. Far from the sea and as results of serious disease the settlement relocated to Smyrna in Bayraklı. Smyrna was then abounded after massive earthquakes. Pagos hills (Kadifekale) with its great defending potential become the next city of Smyrna. Then, the economic value of harbor and rail-way moved the city to the cost. In all this location selection, geographic characters present crucial role in optimizing the decision.