Hybrid beamforming for secure multiuser mmWave MIMO communications
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Secure communication is critical in wireless networks as the networks are prone to eavesdropping from unintended nodes. To address this challenge, physical layer security (PLS) is being employed to combat information leakage. In this paper, we present the performance evaluations based on the secrecy rate and the secrecy outage probability for multiuser multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) millimeter-wave (mmWave) communications by employing hybrid beamforming (HBF) at the base station, legitimate users and eavesdropper. Using a 3-dimensional mmWave channel model and uniform planar antenna arrays (UPA), we employ artificial noise (AN) beamforming to jam the channels of eavesdropper and to enhance the secrecy rate. The transmitter uses the minimum mean square error (MMSE) precoder to mitigate multiuser interference for the secure MIMO mmWave systems. It is shown that the overall system performance highly depends on the power allocation factor between AN and the signal of legitimate users. © 2020 IEEE.