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Experimental and first-principles investigation of Cr-driven color change in cesium lead halide perovskites
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Herein, we report room temperature Cr-doping for all-inorganic perovskites that have attracted great attention in recent years due to their extraordinary optical properties, low cost, and ease of synthesis. Incorporation of Cr 3 + ions into the perovskite crystal lattices is achieved by following a facile route involving an antisolvent recrystallization method at room temperature. It is shown that both Cr-doping and formation of crystals in the CsPbBr x Cl 3 - x phase are provided by increasing the concentration of the CrCl 3 solution. It is also observed that the doping procedure leads to the emergence of three types of distinctive peaks in the PL spectrum originating from CsPbBr x Cl 3 - x domains (476-427nm), Cr-strained host lattices (515nm), and midgap states formed by Cr dopants (675-775nm). It is also found that the Cr-doped perovskites emitting a dark violaceous color change their color to white with a high color rendering index (88) in 30-day time intervals. Easy-tunable optical properties of all-inorganic Cs perovskites indicate their great potential for future optoelectronic device applications.