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Contribution of O-2 plasma treatment and amine modified GOs on film properties of conductive PEDOT:PSS: Application in indium tin oxide free solution processed blue OLED
Primary (n-propyl amine, n-PRYLA), secondary (dipropyl amine, DPRYLA) and alcohol (propanol amine, PRPOHA) amine derivatives were used as amine sources in graphene oxide (GO) modification and obtained samples were named as nPRYLA-GO, DPRYLA-GO and PRPOHA-GO, respectively. Modified graphene oxide (mGO) derivatives were doped in poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PH1000) and O-2 plasma treatment (70W, 3 min) was applied on the spin casted films. PH1000:mGO films presented high optical transparency values (> 90%) and low resistivity (177-183 Q/sq). The roughness values were increased especially when the hydrophobic alkyl chain containing DPRYLA-GO and nPRYLA-GO were doped in PH1000. Prepared films were utilized as anode in solution processed blue organic light emitting diode. PH1000:PRPOHA-GO anode presented more than 30 nm of decrement in full with at half maximum and 1.6, 1.5 and 1.9 fold enhancements in current, power and external quantum efficiency values, compared to those of ITO anode, respectively.