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Inertia and Droop Controller for a Modern Variable Speed Wind Turbine to Provide Frequency Control in a Microgrid
The increasing penetration of modern Variable Speed Wind Turbines (VSWTs) in microgrids creates the problem of frequency stabilization due to reduced inertia of the power system. To emulate the Inertia Response of the conventional synchronous machines, wind turbines can be provided with an inertia emulation controller. The modeling presented in this paper aims at equipping the modern Type D wind turbine with inertia response and primary frequency control (PFC) capabilities. Two controllers - inertial and droop, are implemented and their frequency control capabilities are compared in an isolated power system which consists of a conventional steam turbine generator and a wind farm. The results suggest that proposed controllers help in better frequency control performance in the microgrid.