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A Model-Free Continuous Velocity Observer Formulation With Self-Tuning for Mechatronic Systems
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In this study, the design of a smooth robust velocity observer for a class of uncertain nonlinear mechatronic systems is presented. The proposed velocity observer does not require a priori knowledge of the upper bounds of the uncertain system dynamics and introduces time-varying observer gains for uncertainty compensation. Practical stability of the velocity observation error is ensured via Lyapunov-type stability analysis. Experimental results obtained from Phantom Omni haptic device are presented to illustrate the performance of the proposed velocity observer.