Realtime Access Map
A thermophilic alpha-L-Arabinofuranosidase from Geobacillus vulcani GS90: heterologous expression, biochemical characterization, and its synergistic action in fruit juice enrichment
alpha-L-Arabinofuranosidases with an orchestral action of xylanolytic enzymes degrades the xylan in plant cell wall. In this study, heterologous expression, biochemical characterization, and synergistic action of alpha-L-Arabinofuranosidase from previously identified. Geobacillus vulcani GS90 (GvAbf) was investigated. The recombinant alpha-L-Arabinofuranosidase was overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (lambda DE) and purified via His-tag Ni-affinity and size-exclusion chromatography. Optimum activity of the purified alpha-L-Arabinofuranosidase was obtained at pH 5 and at 70 A degrees C. The GvAbf was active in a broad pH and temperature ranges; pH 4-9 and 30-90 A degrees C, respectively. In addition, it retained most of its activity after an hour incubation at 70 A degrees C and remained relatively stable at pH 3-6. GvAbf was quite stable against various metal ions. The kinetic parameters of GvAbf was obtained as V-max and K-m; 200 U/mg and 0.2 mM with p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside and 526 U/mg and 0.1 mM with sugar beet arabinan, respectively. The synergistic action of GvAbf was studied with commercially available xylanase on juice enrichment of apples, grapes, oranges, and peaches. The best juice enrichment in terms of clarity, reducing sugar content, and yield, was achieved with GvAbf and xylanase together compared to treatment with xylanase and GvAbf alone in all fruits. The treatment with GvAbf and xylanase together lead to an increased juice yield by 26.56% (apple), 30.88% (grape), 40.00% (orange) and 32.20% (peach) as well as having a significant effect on juice clarity by an increase of % transmittance 47.26, 25.98, 41.77, and 44.97, respectively. The highest reducing sugar level of fruit juices also obtained with GvAbf and xylanase together compared to treatment with xylanase and GvAbf alone in all types of fruits. GvAbf and xylanase together as simultaneous synergistic manner may have an exciting potential for application in fruit juice processing.