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Improved activity of alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Geobacillus vulcani GS90 by directed evolution: Investigation on thermal and alkaline stability
alpha-L-Arabinofuranosidase (Abf) is a potential enzyme because of its synergistic effect with other hemicellulases in agro-industrial field. In this study, directed evolution was applied to Abf from Geobacillus vulcani GS90 (GvAbf) using one round error-prone PCR and constructed a library of 73 enzyme variants of GvAbf. The activity screening of the enzyme variants was performed on soluble protein extracts using p-nitrophenyl alpha-L-arabinofuranoside as substrate. Two high activity displaying variants (GvAbf L307S and GvAbf Q90H/L307S) were selected, purified, partially characterized, and structurally analyzed. The specific activities of both variants were almost 2.5-fold more than that of GvAbf. Both GvAbf variants also exhibited higher thermal stability but lower alkaline stability in reference to GvAbf. The structural analysis of GvAbf model indicated that two mutation sites Q90H and L307S in both GvAbf variants are located in TIM barrel domain, responsible for catalytic action in many Glycoside Hydrolase Families including GH51. The structure of GvAbf model displayed that the position of L307S mutation is closer to the catalytic residues of GvAbf compared with Q90H mutation and also L307S mutation is conserved in both variants of GvAbf. Therefore, it was hypothesized that L307S amino acid substitution may play a critical role in catalytic activity of GvAbf. (C) 2018 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.