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Li-ion battery cathode performance from the electrospun binary LiCoO2 to ternary Li2CoTi3O8
Metal oxide nanofibers are prepared by electrospinning and are developed to be the electrodes for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The effect of calcination temperature and the Li:Co mole ratio of LiCoO2 nanofibers was investigated on the electrochemical cathode performance in a coin cell battery. The higher temperature calcination and Li:Co mole ratio have improved the electrochemical performance of the nanofibers. Lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2) nanofibers obtained at 400 and 700 degrees C retain 65% and 90% of the initial capacity, respectively, after the high-current test and the C-rate reverted to 0.1 C. When doubling the mole ratio of Li:Co (2:1), an increase in specific capacity values from 78 to 148 mAh g(-1) has been provided. Additionally, colloidal titania nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs)-doped LiCoO2 nanofibers were obtained and investigated as a cathode material. While the increment in calcination temperature results in higher crystallinity and stability of the LiCoO2 phase, in the presence of the TiO2 NPs causes a transformation of binary (LiCoO2/TiO2) to ternary Li-based transition metal oxide (Li2CoTi3O8/TiO2). An initial discharge capacity of 82 mAh g(-1) was found at 0.1 C for the Li2CoTi3O8/TiO2 nanoparticles and the capacity retention was 83% when returned to 0.1 C after 25 cycles.