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Kaleidoscope of classical vortex images and quantum coherent states
The Schrödinger cat states, constructed from Glauber coherent states and applied for description of qubits are generalized to the kaleidoscope of coherent states, related with regular n-polygon symmetry and the roots of unity. This quantum kaleidoscope is motivated by our method of classical hydrodynamics images in a wedge domain, described by q-calculus of analytic functions with q as a primitive root of unity. First we treat in detail the trinity states and the quartet states as descriptive for qutrit and ququat units of quantum information. Normalization formula for these states requires introduction of specific combinations of exponential functions with mod 3 and mod 4 symmetry, which are known also as generalized hyperbolic functions. We show that these states can be generated for an arbitrary n by the Quantum Fourier transform and can provide in general, qudit unit of quantum information. Relations of our states with quantum groups and quantum calculus are discussed. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018.