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Weakening the notion of R-projectivity, a right R-module M is called max-projective provided that each homomorphism f: M ? R/I, where I is any maximal right ideal, factors through the canonical projection : R ? R/I. We study and investigate properties of max-projective modules. Several classes of rings whose injective modules are R-projective (respectively, max-projective) are characterized. For a commutative Noetherian ring R, we prove that injective modules are R-projective if and only if R = A × B, where A is QF and B is a small ring. If R is right hereditary and right Noetherian then, injective right modules are max-projective if and only if R = S × T, where S is a semisimple Artinian and T is a right small ring. If R is right hereditary then, injective right modules are max-projective if and only if each injective simple right module is projective. Over a right perfect ring max-projective modules are projective. We discuss the existence of non-perfect rings whose max-projective right modules are projective. © 2020 World Scientific Publishing Company.