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Effect of the armor crest freeboard relative to the crown wall freeboard on wave overtopping for simple rubble mound slopes
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Several studies have been carried out to investigate the effect of crest parameters on the wave overtopping for armored slopes with crown walls. However, the effect of the armor crest freeboard is still under question. In this study, for the first time, a series of hydraulic model experiments are conducted specifically to investigate how the armor crest freeboard relative to the crown wall freeboard affects the wave overtopping rate. Experimental results indicate that while the armor crest freeboard lower than the crown wall freeboard is giving larger overtopping, higher armor crest freeboard is reducing the overtopping. However, this reduction is not same as the reduction due to the increase in the crown wall freeboard. The reason may be the porosity of the armor crest. For the first time, a new correction factor is proposed to describe the change in the wave overtopping due to the armor crest freeboard by using experimental results. The correction factor C Ac is applied to cover the effect of armor crest freeboard in the predictions of EurOtop (2016). The verification study present that overtopping rate predictions of corrected EurOtop (2016) are more consistent with the measured rate results compared to the predictions of the original formula, if the armor crest freeboard is not equal to the crown wall freeboard.