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Enhancing tumor cell response to multidrug resistance with pH-sensitive quercetin and doxorubicin conjugated multifunctional nanoparticles
Classical chemotherapy uses chemotherapeutic agents as a mainstay of anticancer treatment. However, the development of multidrug resistance to chemotherapy limits the effectiveness of current cancer treatment. Nanosized bioconjugates combining a chemotherapeutic agent with a pharmacological approach may improve the curative effect of chemotherapeutic agents. Herein I addressed this issue by describing the synthesis, and testing of, pH-responsive Fe3O4@SiO2(FITC)-BTN/QUR/DOX multifunctional nanoparticles. The particles were designed to modulate resistance-mediating factors and to potentiate the efficacy of DOX against chemoresistance. The physicochemical properties of the nanoparticles were characterized based on the combination of several techniques: dynamic light scattering (DLS), zeta-potential measurement, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), electron microscopy techniques (SEM and STEM with EDX) and an in vitro pH-dependent release study. Cellular uptake and cytotoxicity experiments demonstrated enhanced intracellular delivery and retention of nanoparticles in the cytoplasm and efficient reduction of cancer cell viability in drug-resistant lung carcinoma A549/DOX cell lines. This did not affect internalization and viability of an immortalized human lung epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. Moreover, proapoptotic and antiproliferative studies showed that Fe3O4@SiO2(FITC)-BTN/QUR/DOX nanoparticles can promote apoptosis, inhibit tumor cell proliferation, and enhance the chemotherapeutic effects of DOX against multidrug resistance. These results confirm that this multifunctional platform possesses significant synergy between QUR and DOX and is promising for development as an antitumor treatment in cancer therapy.
- Molecular Biology and Genetics / Moleküler Biyoloji ve Genetik 
- Scopus İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / Scopus Indexed Publications Collection 
- WoS İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / WoS Indexed Publications Collection 
- PubMed İndeksli Yayınlar Koleksiyonu / PubMed Indexed Publications Collection