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Effect of pore to throat size ratio on thermal dispersion in porous media
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In this study, the effects of pore to throat size ratio on thermal dispersion of periodic porous media consisting of inline array of rectangular rods are investigated, numerically. The continuity, momentum and energy equations are solved for representative elementary volumes (REVs) of the porous media to obtain microscopic velocities in the voids between the rods and temperature distribution for entire of the REVs. Volume averaging method is employed to compute the macroscopic velocity and temperature values. There are velocity and temperature deviations between the macroscopic and microscopic values. These deviations are computed numerically and thermal dispersion coefficients of the porous media are determined. The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of pore to throat size ratio on the longitudinal and transverse thermal dispersion in the porous media. The study is performed for pore to throat size ratios between 1.63 and 7.46, porosities from 0.7 to 0.9, and pore level Reynolds numbers between 1 and 100. It is found that in addition to the porosity and Reynolds number, the parameter of pore to throat size ratio plays an important role on thermal dispersion in a porous medium. It is found that there is an optimum value of pore to throat size ratio for maximum longitudinal thermal dispersion coefficient; however, the transverse thermal dispersion increases with the increasing of values of pore to throat size ratio.