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Hydrothermal synthesis of new rare earth silicate fluorides: A novel class of polar materials
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Polar crystals provide an interesting avenue for materials research both in the structures they form and the properties they possess. This work describes the hydrothermal synthesis and structural characterization of three novel silicate fluorides. Compound (1), LiY 3(SiO 4) 2F 2 crystallizes in space group C2/c, with a=17.651(4) Å, b=4.8868(10) Å, c=11.625(2) Å and β=131.13(3)°. BaY 2(Si 2O 7)F 2 (2) crystallizes in space group P-1, with a=5.1576(10) Å, b=6.8389(14) Å, c=11.786(2) Å, α=93.02(3)°, β=102.05(3)° and γ=111.55(3) °. Finally, the structure of Ba 2Y 3(SiO 4) 2F 5 (3) was determined in the polar orthorhombic space group Pba2, having unit cell parameters a=8.8864(18) Å, b=12.764(3) Å and c=5.0843(10) Å. The structures are compared based on their building blocks and long range polarities. Aligned silicate tetrahedra segregated into a single layer in (3) impart the observed polarity.